How to make simple and safe food coloring with natural ingredients at home

Wondering how to make your food colorful but safe? Don't worry, you can create different colors with natural vegetable ingredients without having to resort to artificial food coloring. Learn how to create natural food coloring from vegetable ingredients with Dien May XANH.


1 Advantages and disadvantages of natural food coloring

In order to create outstanding eye-catching for foods, especially confectionery and beverages, people often use food coloring to increase their aesthetic and sensory value. In today's market, it's not too difficult to find and buy food coloring boxes, but some artificial food colors will quite affect the health of users.

Ưu nhược điểm của màu thực phẩm tự nhiên

Unlike artificial food colors, natural food colors are extracted from plants and animals, so they are quite safe for users' health. But besides that, it also has disadvantages, specifically the following:


  • Absolutely safe for the health of users.
  • Easy to use for natural colors.
  • It is extracted from nature, so it contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals.


  • Produced in limited quantities.
  • High cost.
  • Store and use only for a short time.

2 Food colorings made from natural vegetables

Red and pink: Raspberry or beet root. If you want to use deep pink or burgundy, use beetroot, and if you like bright pink, raspberries are the right choice for you.

 Màu đỏ và hồng

Yellow: turmeric (turmeric) or stamens of saffron (saffron)

Màu vàng

Orange yellow: carrot

Màu da cam

Green: spinach (spinach), green tea (matcha) or pandan leaves

Màu xanh lá cây

Purple: purple cabbage, leaves or blueberries

Màu tím

Brown: cocoa powder, coffee, cinnamon powder

Màu nâu

Blue: purple water added (salt) or butterfly pea flowers. Blue is a difficult color to mix, there is a simple way is to mix any purple water with baking soda. The chemical effect of baking soda will turn the purple color into blue.

Màu xanh dương

Black: Bamboo charcoal powder

Màu đen

3 How to make liquid and powdered food coloring

Here Dien may GREEN will use beetroot as a food color, you can use other ingredients to create the same color through the method below.

Prepare materials and tools

  • 200g beetroot
  • 200g water
  • Tools: , , ,…

Nguyên liệu làm màu củ dền


Step 1: Prepare beets

  • First you need to choose beets that are fresh, not decayed, not too young and not too old. Then wash, peel and cut into small pieces about 1-2cm for easy grinding.

Sơ chế củ dền

Step 2: Grind the beets

  • After being chopped beets, you put them in a blender with 200g of water, then puree the mixture.
  • After pureeing, filter the beetroot juice through a thin towel, squeeze it vigorously to get all the water out. From 200g of beetroot and 200ml of water, you get about 250ml of beetroot juice.
  • Do not rush to throw away the beetroot, this part of beetroot can be used to make food coloring powder.

Xay củ dền

Step 3: Make liquid and powdered food coloring

  • Bring the freshly squeezed water to boil. Reduce heat to medium and stir while cooking. The steam will evaporate leaving the beetroot juice thicker in the pot. Then you boil the water to about 50-60 ml . Then turn off the heat and let it cool, now you have watery food coloring.

 Làm màu thực phẩm dạng nước

  • The beet pulp can be used to make beetroot powder by drying in an oven at a temperature of 100 – 110 degrees Celsius until it dries (or you can use a dryer or dry it in the sun).

 Làm màu thực phẩm dạng bột

Finished product

Liquid beetroot food coloring will have a thick, viscous consistency and a deep burgundy color. As for the powdered purple tuber food coloring, it will be smooth and soft. dark pink

Thành phẩm

4 ways to preserve natural food coloring

For the most part, powdered food coloring will easily mold and spoil when exposed to humid air. Therefore, you need to preserve powdered food coloring, you need to store them in sealed jars or bags, avoid moisture and avoid exposure to air. When using, you use a dry spoon to get the pigment.

Bảo quản màu thực phẩm tự nhiên

If it is liquid food coloring, you can put it in ice trays and put it in the freezer , take it out and use it when needed. This way, you can keep the color for several months. But fresh colors are still the best, so when you need to, you will do better.

With the following you can easily create more colors for your food. Good luck