How to Combine QUERY and SUM in Google Sheets: Simple and Effective Guide

Combining QUERY and SUM in Google Sheets allows you to quickly perform calculations. There are certain problems that cannot be solved using a single function, so it requires combining multiple functions. This article will guide you on how to combine QUERY and SUM!


QUERY and SUM are two popular functions, used frequently in problem-solving. In complex scenarios, QUERY and SUM are often combined to solve problems quickly and effectively. In today’s article, let’s explore how to combine these two functions at FPT Shop.

Using QUERY and SUM functions in Google Sheets

QUERY is a function that allows you to use database commands (SQL – structured query language, a code used to communicate with databases) to manipulate data (you can query data, filter data, or combine multiple data from sheets into one sheet, …) easily and flexibly. The formula of the function is: =QUERY(data; query; headers), wherein data is the range of data to be calculated, query is the query statement to output the desired data, and headers can be left blank or filled with a value.

SUM is a well-known and useful function, as well as a basic function. The SUM function is used to calculate the sum with parameters that can be single numbers or ranges of cells. The formula of the function is: =SUM(Number1, Number2, …), where number1, 2, … are the numerical values.

Combining QUERY and SUM in Google Sheets

In order to handle more complex problems, we cannot use these two functions separately, and must combine QUERY and SUM. You can use the SUM function nested in the QUERY function with the formula: =QUERY(data;”SELECT SUM!Group by”), where data is the range of data, SELECT SUM is the desired value to be calculated, and Group by is the value that defines the group.

In addition, you can also combine QUERY and SUM by using the SUM function nested in the QUERY function with the formula: =SUM(QUERY(data;query)). In general, this combination is quite complex, and you need to practice to become proficient.

Common errors when combining QUERY and SUM

When combining QUERY and SUM, we often encounter errors, each error originating from different causes and requiring different remedies. Some common errors include:

Error #N/A

Error #N/A occurs when the formula you use contains content that is not available in the data range, resulting in the formula being unable to calculate. The cause of this error is when using search functions, reference functions, and the object to search or reference is not available in the data range, resulting in an #N/A error.

Error #N/A is not an error of the function or the formula, but rather the inability to find the desired object. Therefore, in many cases, we only need to hide this error and consider cases where the data does not exist before performing the functions.

Error #REF

Error #REF! occurs when the formula refers to an invalid cell. This often happens when the cells referenced by the formula are overwritten or deleted. You just need to review your command and ensure that it has the correct syntax.

Error #VALUE

Error #VALUE! means: “An error has occurred with the formula you just entered.” This error is very general, making it difficult to find the exact cause. You can review your data and the calculation formula to see if they are entered correctly.

Examples of combining QUERY and SUM

You need to query data extracted from a table to get the total term of each Branch in the table. The formula will be: =SUM(QUERY(‘Sheet1’!A1:I36;”select D, Sum(G) Group by D label sum(G) ‘Total term’”)). Where ‘Sheet1’!A2:I36 is the value of the data range to be queried, SUM(G) represents calculating the sum of column G, Group by D groups the values selected according to column D, and label sum(G) ‘Total term’ is the header for the total value.

Notes when combining QUERY and SUM

When combining QUERY and SUM, you need to pay attention to parentheses, quotation marks, double quotes, and single quotes. If not used carefully, these can cause function errors. When querying data, be mindful of spaces, as the function may produce errors if written closely together. Text-based data in queries must be enclosed in single quotes.

The main function of QUERY is to query and return data as requested. However, where clauses cannot express multiple conditions at the same time or conditions that need to be calculated. Therefore, selecting the SUM function nested in the WHERE clause will help solve this problem. QUERY has the ability to query and reference data, and can also be combined with other functions, conditional statements, comparison operators, AND/OR, IF, and more.


In conclusion, through this article, we have gained a better understanding of how to combine QUERY and SUM functions. The usage may not be easy but not overly complex either. You need to practice several times to become proficient in combining these two functions, as they will greatly assist you in calculating and analyzing complex problems.

You may also like

5 Essential Excel Functions for Beginners

Master the fundamentals of Excel with these 5 basic functions! Learn how to use SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, MIN, and MAX in order to make calculating and analyzing data easier and more efficient.

Simple Formula and Instructions for Using the SUBTOTAL Function in Excel

The SUBTOTAL function in Excel is used to calculate the sum of a range of numbers with specified conditions. It helps individuals save time and improve work efficiency. If you are unfamiliar with how to use the SUBTOTAL function, be sure to check out the article below from FPT!

10 Excel Functions to Help You Process Large Amounts of Data in a Snap

With the computational functions in Excel, you can handle large amounts of data on a spreadsheet automatically while still ensuring high accuracy.

Detailed, Simple and Fast Guide to Calculating Sums in Excel

The sum formula in Excel is one of the most basic and important formulas in Excel. The formula allows you to calculate the sum of numbers within a range of cells, columns, rows, or even the entire sheet. In this article, we will explore different ways to use the sum function in Excel.

Simple function to compare two columns in Excel

To test for differences between duplicate data, you can use a comparison function. To optimize your work time, Excel allows you to do this with just a few simple steps. Check out how to compare two columns in Excel using a very simple function in the article!

Frequently asked questions

To combine these functions, use the Query function to first extract the data you want to sum, and then use the Sum function to calculate the total. Ensure your data is organized in a tabular format with headers, and use the Query function to select the relevant columns and rows. Finally, wrap the Query function inside the Sum function to get the desired result.

The Query function is a powerful tool in Google Sheets that allows you to extract, manipulate, and analyze data from a table or range. It’s similar to writing a database query, enabling you to select specific columns, filter data based on criteria, sort and aggregate data, and perform complex calculations.

To sum values based on multiple criteria, use the Query function with the ‘where’ parameter to specify your conditions. Separate multiple conditions with ‘and’ or ‘or’. Then, use the Sum function within the Query function to calculate the sum of values that meet all the specified criteria.

Yes, the Query function supports regular expressions in the ‘where’ parameter. You can use them to match patterns and perform advanced filtering and text manipulation. Enclose your regular expression in double quotes and use the tilde (~) operator to indicate a regex match.

To handle errors gracefully, use the IFERROR function to return an alternative value or message when an error occurs. For missing data, you can use the ISBLANK or IF function to check for blank cells and provide a default value if needed. This ensures that your calculations and sums remain accurate even with incomplete data.