Orchids are one of the familiar ornamental plants that many people buy to display in their homes during the Lunar New Year. These plants originally grew in tropical forests and were later brought back by people to cultivate because of their charming beauty. Orchids have round stems, beautiful flowers, and symmetrical growth, which bring a sense of elegance and sophistication. Orchids come in various colors, suitable for the preferences and needs of each individual.
Orchids are considered difficult to grow among ornamental plants. Due to their relatively high price, it would be a waste to throw them away after the Lunar New Year. To help the orchids continue to grow and bloom, you can follow these steps:
Remove withered flowers
Orchid flowers can last for a long time, so you can display them indoors until they wither before removing them. Use a sharp and clean pair of scissors to remove the withered flower stalks. This helps the plant not waste nutrients on the faded flowers.
The ideal location for cutting is at the last sleeping eye, about 3cm above the stem. Use sharp scissors and make a clean cut without pressing the leaves.
Remove damaged leaves and roots
Completely remove the leaves that are infected with fungus. If the leaves are slightly yellowed or rotten but less than 1/3 of the leaf’s surface, you can use a sharp knife to cut off the damaged part.
For the roots, remove the sap and use clean scissors to trim away the decayed ones, leaving only the fresh roots.
After cutting, you can apply lime or plant wound sealant to the cut area.
Secure the plant stem
Place the plant in a pot and use a string to secure the plant so that it doesn’t sway when holding the pot. Fill the pot with orchid planting medium (known as coconut fiber) after treating it with fungicide.
Place the orchid pot in a cool place, avoiding direct sunlight and rain. Orchids prefer cool places, and direct sunlight can damage the leaves and cause rot.
Fertilize and water
You can choose to fertilize the plant with B1 or Atonik. Before using, dilute the fertilizer with water in a ratio of 1/2 teaspoon of fertilizer to 20 liters of water. Pour this solution into a spray bottle and spray it on the plant daily.
When you see the orchid growing new roots, add a layer of soil to the pot every 1-2 weeks. After caring for about 1-2 months, the orchid plant will stabilize and grow again.
Orchids are prone to fungal infections, so it is necessary to regularly spray fungicide. Keep the orchids moist by spraying them with water daily. Avoid letting water accumulate on the leaves, as it can cause leaf blemishes and rot.
Orchids do not require a lot of light, so you only need to place them in a location with weak light and sheltered from rain.
Regularly wipe the leaves with soapy water to prevent pests from attaching to the leaves and causing damage.