**The ROW function in Excel is one of the powerful tools that helps you manage and process data efficiently. This function allows you to extract information about the number of rows of a cell or a range of cells in a worksheet. In this article, we will guide you on how to use and apply the ROW function to optimize your work.**

**What is the ROW function? Applications of the ROW function**

**Definition**

The ROW function in Excel is a built-in function used to return the sequence number of the row that it is applied to. Specifically, this function returns the number of the row that the referenced cell or range of cells is located in.

The syntax of the ROW function: **=ROW(reference)****Where:**

Reference: The reference is the cell or range of cells that you want to know the sequence number of. It can be a specific cell reference (e.g., A1, B2) or a range of cells (e.g., A1:C10). When you provide a reference, the ROW function will return the sequence number of the row that the referenced cell or range of cells is located in. If you do not provide a reference, it will return the sequence number of the row that contains the ROW formula.

Distinguishing between the ROW and ROWS functions in Excel:

- ROW function: Returns the sequence number of the row that it is applied to.

**Example:** =ROW(A1) will return the sequence number of the row that cell A1 belongs to.

- ROWS function: Returns the number of rows in a range or an array.

**Example:** =ROWS(A1:A10) will return 10, as there are 10 rows from A1 to A10.

Note that these are two completely different functions with different purposes. Use the appropriate function for your task.

**How to use the ROW function**

To use the ROW function in Excel, you can follow these steps:**Step 1:** Open Excel and select the cell to apply the ROW function to:

Open an Excel worksheet and select the cell where you want to know the row sequence number.**Step 2:** Enter the ROW formula

Type the formula =ROW([reference]) into the cell.

[reference] here is the reference to the cell that you want to know the sequence number of.**Example: **You enter =ROW(D3:D6) into the referenced cell to display the result.**Explanation of the formula:**

**ROW:**Is the function command.**D3:D6:**Is the reference range to look up data.

**Step 3:** Press Enter

After entering the formula, press Enter for Excel to calculate and display the result.

**Some tips for using the ROW function**

During the process of using the ROW function, you can apply the following tips to make the operation faster and more convenient, minimizing errors:

**ROW function with specific cell references:**

The ROW function in Excel is used to return the sequence number of the row that a specific cell is located in.

The syntax of the ROW function in Excel is: **=ROW([reference])****Where:**

Reference (optional): This is the cell or range of cells that you want to extract the row sequence number of. If not provided, the function will return the sequence number of the row it is used in.

**Example: **

If you want to know the sequence number of the row that cell A1 belongs to, you can use the function as follows:

If you want to know the sequence number of the row that the function is used in, you can simply use:

This function returns a positive integer representing the sequence number of the row.

Note that the ROW function returns the sequence number of the row based on the worksheet, not based on any other data table that the referenced cell refers to

**ROW function with range of cells:**

In Excel, the ROW function can be used to return the sequence number of the row that a cell or a range of cells is located in.

The syntax of the ROW function with a range of cells is: =ROW(start-cell:end_cell)**Where:**

start_cell and end_cell are two cells that make up a range. The ROW function will return the sequence number of the first row in the range.

**Example:**

If you want to know the sequence number of the first row in the range from cell A1 to A10, you can use the function as follows:

This function will return the sequence number of the row that contains cell A1.

Note that the ROW function returns the sequence number based on the worksheet.

**Combining with the CONCATENATE function:**

To combine the ROW function with the CONCATENATE function (or the & string concatenation), you can use the following syntax: =CONCATENATE(“String to be concatenated”, ROW(reference))**Where:**

- “String to be concatenated” is the string that you want to concatenate with the row sequence number.
- ROW(reference) returns the sequence number of the row that the reference cell is located in.

**Example:**

If you want to concatenate the string “Row” with the sequence number of the row that cell A1 is located in, you can use the function as follows:

If cell A1 is located in row 5, the result will be “Row 5”.

**Using the ROW function in an array formula:**

You can use the ROW function in an array formula to perform operations or complex calculations on a range of data.

For example, consider the following array formula: =SUM(A1:A10*ROW(A1:A10))

In this example, the SUM function is combined with the ROW function and a range (A1:A10). This formula will multiply each value in the range A1:A10 by the corresponding row number and then calculate the sum of the results.

Note that this formula is an array formula, so after entering the formula, press Ctrl + Shift + Enter instead of just Enter to activate the array formula.

This formula will create an array of values and then calculate the sum of them. This is just a simple example; you can combine the ROW function with other functions and operators to perform more complex calculations.

**Combining with the INDIRECT function:**

The INDIRECT function allows you to reference a cell based on a text string, while the ROW function returns the sequence number of the row that a cell is located in. By combining the ROW and INDIRECT functions, you can create dynamic references to specific cells based on row sequence numbers. For example, suppose you want to retrieve the value of a cell in the same column as A1, but in a row specified by another function or another value. You can use the combination of the ROW and INDIRECT functions as follows:**Example 1: **Combining with a specific number:

In this example, ROW(A1) returns the sequence number of the row that A1 is located in. If A1 is in row 5, the formula will become =INDIRECT(“A5”), meaning it will return the value of cell A5.

**Example 2: **Combining with another function or value:

In this case, ROW() returns the sequence number of the row that the formula is used in. If you are using the formula in row 5 and B1 has a value of 3, the formula will become =INDIRECT(“A8”), meaning it will return the value of cell A8.

Remember that the result of this formula depends on the position that the formula is used in and the values of other referenced cells (such as B1 in the second example).

**Conclusion**

The ROW function in Excel is a powerful tool for quickly determining the sequence number of a row in a worksheet. This has many utilities in organizing data, calculations, and creating complex formulas. It can be combined with various tools such as the CONCATENATE function or INDIRECT function to create dynamic data references. Mastering the use of the ROW function will help optimize your work with Excel and increase work efficiency.

###
5 Essential Excel Functions for Beginners

###
How to recover unsaved or overwritten Excel files effectively: a sure-fire method

excel-chua-luu-11-150×150.jpg’ title=’How to recover unsaved or overwritten Excel files effectively: a sure-fire method’>

Knowing how to recover unsaved Excel files can be extremely helpful in cases when your computer unexpectedly shuts down or you accidentally click on “Don’t save” when Excel asks if you want to save your changes before closing. Follow this article to learn the step-by-step process of how to accomplish it.