Is it safe to store perishable food in the freezer? Precautions to take

Freezing food is an essential need for housewives, so which foods should be frozen and what is the correct way to store food? Let's discover these tips with XANH Electronics!


1. Are frozen foods safe to store in a freezer?

You can store almost any type of food in a freezer because food stored continuously at -17 °C (0 °F) or below will always be safe.

In particular, freezing preserves food by preventing the growth of microorganisms that cause spoilage and prevents the food from deteriorating.

Frozen foods in a freezer

2. Considerations when storing food in a freezer

Types of food

You can freeze almost any type of food except for a few exceptions such as canned foods or eggs in their shells, mayonnaise, liquid sauces, meats, and poultry if you do not know how to properly freeze them to maintain their quality after thawing, as the moisture is lost during the storage process. You are better off storing them in the refrigerator at a moderate temperature.

Types of food when freezing


  • Cheese: If you freeze hard cheese, it will become crumbly. If you freeze soft cheese, the moisture will break down their smooth texture.
  • Potatoes: Potatoes have a high water content, and ice crystals will form when you freeze fresh potatoes. After thawing, the potatoes will definitely become mushy.
  • Yogurt: The structure of yogurt will lose its consistency when frozen.
  • Eggs in cartons: When frozen, the liquid inside the eggs will solidify, expand and break the outer shell.
  • Fruits and vegetables: These types of foods have a high water content so they will become frozen when stored in a freezer and thawing them is not easy.
  • Fresh milk: Frozen milk will become clumpy when thawed, so freezing milk is not a good idea if it is meant to be consumed directly.
  • Herbs, salad greens: They will wilt and become limp after being frozen, and they will also lose their aroma.

Wrap the food before storing

Proper packaging will help maintain the quality of the food and limit any changes in color and flavor. However, over time, the packaging may become porous, affecting the quality of the food compared to its original condition.

To store for a long time, you should consider using vacuum-sealed bags to ensure that no air or moisture comes into contact with the food during the storage process.

Wrap the food before storing

Note that if you notice that a package has accidentally torn open while in the freezer, check the safety status for later use and repackage it with other types of bags/wraps before continuing storage.

Storage time

If the temperature in the freezer is maintained at -17 °C (0 °F) or below, the storage time for safe food is almost unlimited. However, it is important to determine the shelf life to ensure the best quality of the food.

Storage time

You can determine its quality after thawing. First, check the smell. Some foods will have an unpleasant odor when frozen for too long and need to be discarded.

Some foods may not retain their original color or develop brown or gray spots. At that point, the food is not spoiled but it may not taste good when cooked, so depending on quality requirements, you will decide whether to keep or discard it.

Adjust the temperature

You should avoid opening the freezer frequently, and also check the gaskets around the door to ensure that the freezer is not losing the cold air even when closed.

Adjust the temperature

Leaking the cold air will affect the quality of the food stored inside and waste energy. Keep a thermometer device inside the freezer to check the temperature.

Note when thawing

There are three safe ways to thaw food: in the refrigerator, in cold water, or in the microwave. It is best to plan ahead to safely thaw the food slowly in the refrigerator. Smaller portions may thaw overnight, while most foods require one or two days.

If you are in a hurry, place the food in a sealed plastic bag to prevent leakage and immerse it in cold water. Check the water regularly to make sure it stays cold, change the water every 30 minutes. Cook immediately after thawing.

Note when thawing

Note when refreezing

Only when the food is adequately thawed in the refrigerator can it be refrozen without cooking, although there may be a loss in quality due to loss of moisture. Do not refreeze any type of food that has been outside of the refrigerator for more than 2 hours at temperatures above 32 °C (90 °F).

Note when refreezing

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