Uncovering the Significance of April 30th Liberation Day: A Historical Perspective

Today marks the 48th anniversary of the end of the Vietnam War, a momentous occasion in history, that occurred on the 30th of April, 1975. Let us remember the significance of this event and take, a look back at the history of this day.

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The Liberation Day of South Vietnam on April 30, 1975 is a significant historical event for the Vietnamese people. The victory in that spring defeated the invasion of the US imperialists, completely liberated the South, and ended the most difficult and glorious days in the history of our people’s struggle against foreign aggression. Let’s find out more about the history and significance of this holiday!

1 What day is Liberation Day in the South?

What day is Liberation Day in the South?
What day is Liberation Day in the South?

April 30th is the day that people hang the flag to commemorate. Let’s learn more about this special holiday!

April 30th is the day when the South was completely liberated, reunifying the country and liberating the nation under the leadership of the Party and President Ho Chi Minh. The victory on April 30, 1975 marked a shining milestone in history, opening a new era for our country. Our troops and people defeated the mighty and ferocious US imperialists and their puppet regime in the South, regained independence, sovereignty, and ended a 30-year struggle for independence, freedom, and national reunification.

Heroic image of our troops and people
Heroic image of our troops and people

Every year on this day, people have the opportunity to look back at the heroic image of our troops and people, such as the image of soldier Bui Quang Than planting the first flag on the roof of the Independence Palace, signaling the complete victory of the historical Ho Chi Minh campaign. As a tribute to President Ho Chi Minh, Saigon at that time was renamed Ho Chi Minh City.

2 History and significance of Liberation Day in the South

History of Liberation Day in the South

History of Liberation Day in the South
History of Liberation Day in the South

From the end of 1974 to the beginning of 1975, the Central Party Politburo realized that the situation of forces in the South favored the Revolution, so they set the strategy to completely liberate the South in 1975 and 1976. The Party Politburo affirmed “the whole year of 1975 is the opportunity” and clearly determined that “if the opportunity comes in early or late 1975, then immediately liberate the entire South”.

The victory of the Tay Nguyen and Hue-Da Nang campaigns further strengthened our determination to complete the strategy of liberating the South. Therefore, the Party Politburo decided to concentrate forces, weapons, technology, and materials as quickly as possible before the rainy season and named the campaign the Ho Chi Minh campaign.

On April 26th at 5 pm, our forces began the campaign. Our five divisions quickly broke through the enemy’s defensive lines and advanced into the center of Saigon, capturing the nerve center of the enemy. At 10:45 am on April 30th, the tank brigade advanced and attacked the Independence Palace. President Duong Van Minh, who had just taken office on April 28th, had to declare unconditional surrender. And at 11:30 am on April 30th, the first flag was planted on the roof of the Palace by soldier Bui Quang Than, signaling the complete victory of the historical Ho Chi Minh campaign.

Significance of Liberation Day in the South

Significance of Liberation Day in the South 1975
Significance of Liberation Day in the South 1975

The victory of the historical Ho Chi Minh campaign in 1975 proved the intelligence and strategic talents of the Party and President Ho Chi Minh in leading the revolution, as well as demonstrated the indomitable spirit, self-reliance, and heroism of the Vietnamese people in the struggle against foreign aggression.

April 30th is a significant national holiday that reminds future generations of the sacrifices and heroic spirit of our people who shed blood and tears for the independence and freedom of today.

3 Activities commemorating Liberation Day in the South

Activities commemorating Liberation Day in the South
Activities commemorating Liberation Day in the South

On April 30th each year, various activities are organized to commemorate Liberation Day in the South, to recall the glorious history of the country and awaken the patriotic spirit of our people. Here are some prominent commemorative activities:

Visiting martyrs’ cemeteries

Visiting martyrs' cemeteries
Visiting martyrs’ cemeteries

Visiting martyrs’ cemeteries is an annual activity on April 30th to pay tribute to the soldiers who sacrificed themselves for the peace of the nation. Visiting martyrs’ cemeteries is a highly meaningful activity.

Organizing cultural exchange activities at schools and offices

Organizing cultural exchange activities at schools and offices
Organizing cultural exchange activities at schools and offices

Cultural exchange activities such as singing and dancing competitions, theatrical performances, storytelling contests, and learning about the history of the 30/4 and 1/5 historical traditions at schools or offices receive widespread participation and have great significance in promoting the heroic history of the nation to future generations.

Visiting families of policy beneficiaries, veterans, wounded soldiers, and martyrs

Visiting families of policy beneficiaries, veterans, wounded soldiers, and martyrs
Visiting families of policy beneficiaries, veterans, wounded soldiers, and martyrs

Visiting families of policy beneficiaries is one of the important annual activities to express the care and responsibility of the Party, the State, and the leadership at all levels to some policyholder families.

4 Meaningful wishes for Liberation Day in the South

Meaningful wishes for Liberation Day in the South
Meaningful wishes for Liberation Day in the South

1. On the day of national reunification, April 30th has come. Let’s take a minute to remember the fallen soldiers and send the most meaningful wishes to the veterans.

2. Congratulations on April 30th. Let us always remember the contributions of our fathers, the ones who shed blood and sacrificed for the independence and reunification of our country.

3. Wishing you a happy, safe, and joyful holiday on April 30th. May you enjoy the most relaxing moments. Wishing for the continued development and equality of our country.

4. On the occasion of the 30th of April, extend the best wishes to comrades and families of martyrs throughout the country.

5. Celebrating the reunification day, the independence of the country on April 30, 1975. I am proud to be Vietnamese and always grateful to those who sacrificed for the country.

6. On April 30th, the day South Vietnam was completely liberated, I send the best wishes to the veterans. Also, light incense to commemorate the Heroes and wounded soldiers who sacrificed themselves for the cause of peace and independence of the country.

5 Some questions about Liberation Day in the South

How many days is Liberation Day in the South a public holiday?

How many days is Liberation Day in the South a public holiday?
How many days is Liberation Day in the South a public holiday?

Liberation Day in the South 2023 will be a consecutive 5-day public holiday (from April 29, 2023, to May 3, 2023), including Hung King’s Commemoration Day (March 10th lunar calendar), Liberation Day in the South (April 30th), and International Labor Day (May 1st).

Among them, May 2nd and May 3rd, 2023, are compensatory days off due to Hung King’s Commemoration Day and April 30th falling on Saturday and Sunday.

See also: Public holidays on April 30th and May 1st

What other names does Liberation Day in the South have?

What other names does Liberation Day in the South have?
What other names does Liberation Day in the South have?

There are many different names to refer to this important event. Among them, the official names commonly used by the Vietnamese government are Liberation Day in the South, April 30th, Reunification Day, and Victory Day.

What is the English name for Liberation Day in the South?

What is the English name for Liberation Day in the South?
What is the English name for Liberation Day in the South?

Similar to the official Vietnamese name, the English name for Liberation Day in the South also has various translations and alternatives. However, the most common English names for the Liberation Day holiday, celebrating the reunification and victory of the country, are:

  • Liberation Day: Ngày Gi?i phóng.
  • Reunification Day: Ngày th?ng nh?t d?t nu?c.
  • April 30th: Ngày 30 tháng 4.

How many years of anniversary is the year 2023 of Liberation Day in the South?

How many years of anniversary is the year 2023 of Liberation Day in the South?
How many years of anniversary is the year 2023 of Liberation Day in the South?

Since the victory on April 30, 1975, this year’s April 30th, 2023, will mark the 48th anniversary of Liberation Day in the South, reunifying the country. This is a memorable milestone for our country, marking 48 years of independence, freedom, and the beginning of the era of national independence and socialism.

Learn more about Liberation Day on our website!

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