1 What is a Lithium Battery?
A Lithium battery, also known as a Li-ion battery or Lithium-ion battery (LIB), is a type of rechargeable battery that offers a higher energy density compared to other battery types. This makes it ideal for use in electronic devices such as smartphones, digital cameras, mp3 players, and various other applications.
Lithium batteries can be classified into two types: lithium metal batteries (non-rechargeable) and lithium-ion batteries (rechargeable).
Lithium batteries are widely used in electronic devices due to their high energy density
2 Structure and Capacity of Lithium batteries
Lithium batteries consist of four main components:
- Cathode: Made from graphite and other carbon materials, the cathode stores Lithium ions (L+). It determines the power and voltage of the battery and serves as the source of the Lithium ions.
- Anode: Composed of transition metal oxide compounds and Li (e.g., LiMnO2, LiCoO2), the anode allows current to flow through the external circuit. During charging, the Lithium ions are stored in the anode.
- Electrolyte: This component conducts Lithium ions between the electrodes. It is formed from salts, solvents, and additives.
- Separator: Typically made of PE plastic, the separator acts as a physical barrier to keep the cathode and anode apart.
Lithium batteries have a structure consisting of 5 main components
Capacity of Lithium batteries
The capacity of Lithium batteries gradually decreases over discharge cycles. Multiple studies have shown that frequent charging is more beneficial for the battery compared to infrequent charging. Therefore, it is recommended to regularly charge the battery instead of letting it completely drain before recharging.
Frequent charging improves the performance of Lithium batteries
3 Comparison between Lithium Metal Batteries and Lithium-ion Batteries
|Criteria||Lithium Metal Batteries||Lithium-ion Batteries|
|Charging/Discharging Efficiency||Lithium metal batteries have higher discharging efficiency, allowing them to provide high current in a short time. However, they may charge slower and have a limited lifespan in terms of charge/discharge cycles.||Lithium-ion batteries offer better charging efficiency and faster charging time compared to lithium metal batteries. They also maintain stable power during the discharging process, but may not provide as much current as lithium metal batteries.|
|Storage||Lithium metal batteries need to be stored in a cool and dry environment to avoid damage caused by expansion and contraction of internal components at high temperatures.||Lithium-ion batteries also require a cool and dry environment for storage. However, they are generally more flexible in different environments. Storing them at high temperatures can still affect their lifespan and performance.|
4 Applications of Lithium Batteries
Lithium batteries, known for their large storage capacity, high durability, and effective resistance to water and fire, are increasingly being used in electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, remote control toys, and more.
Furthermore, thanks to their ability to be recharged multiple times, Lithium batteries are commonly used to power phones, laptops, electric vehicles, and other devices, enabling people to work more efficiently.
The Lifetrons EP-100 facial massage device is equipped with an 800mAh Lithium Polymer battery that allows you to use the device for 60 – 90 days
Above are the details about Lithium batteries, including their definition, structure, and current applications. We hope you find this information helpful. If you have any further questions, please feel free to ask!